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SINGAPORE SOCIETY OF RADIOGRAPHERS


TIMELINE

1895-1919

8 Nov 1895Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen was attributed with the discovery of Xrays.
3 Feb 1897
The first demonstration of X-rays in Southeast Asia was given at Taiping, Perak.
However, the first subject to be X-rayed did not benefit very much from this inaugural event-seeing as it was a Pomfret fish.
5 Jan 1898   
The first exhibtion of X-rays from Radiographic Equipment installed in the Municipal Office, Singapore was organized by Dr Middleton.
May 1913
New X-ray apparatus installed in SGH.
George Charles de Hevesy initiated the concepts of tracer principle and radioactive tagging.
1914
Xrays first used in Radiation Therapy at SGH.

1920-1939

1920 First fluoscopic studies using bismuth meals and enemata were introduced.
1923
Bismuth salts were replaced by Barium sulphate.
TTSH also acquired new Xray Equipment.
1926  
Cholecystography was introduced. Radiotherapy was established as part of Radiology.
1930
Chest Xrays investigating for pulmonary tuberculosis headed list of radiographs performed.
1933New deep therapy plant of 140kV was installed in SGH.
1938

First portable Xray machine with hand fluoroscopy was acquired by TTSH.
D
ental xray equipment was installed in the new Dental Schol and Clinic.

1940-1959

1942-1945 During the Japanese Occupation, SGH and KKH were converted to serve the Japanese civilians and community. All Radiography was confined to Fluoroscopy due to the exhaustion of films during the WWII.
1946
The Xray Department in SGH was revived by Dr Winchester and his team.
1947  
Hospital assistants were employed as Xray Assistants for Radiography. Qualified radiographers were mostly expatriates.
1948
Singapore Anti-Tuberculosis Association was established.
1949 Xray department was set up in TTSH.
 1951

Scheme for Hospital Assistants to train as Radiographers in United Kingdom was started. Mr WS Lee, one of the pioneer Radiographers in Singapore, started his career as a Laboratory Technician.

 1955 Mobile Mass Radiography was introduced by SATA.

The Colombo Plan Scholarship was initiated to train locals as Radiographers to replace the English Radiographers after Singapore gained sovereign independence. Amongst the first few people awarded this scholarship were the late Mr CF Reincastle and Mr K Vaithilingam. Another recipient was Mr NK Das, our veteran pioneer Radiographer.
 3 Jul 1957 First Meeting of the Association of Singapore Radiographers was initiated by Dr FY Khoo, Mr CF Reincastle, and Mr EG Smith. In the presence of 27 members, Dr Khoo, Mr Smith and Mr CF Reincastle were elected President, Chairperson and Secretary respectively. The Constitution and Policy was drafted, together with plans for a local School of Radiography.
 11 Sep 1958 The Constitution was approved by the Registry of Societies and the Association of Singapore Radiographers (ASR) was officially formed with Mr AT Teo elected as its first president.

Since the birth of ASR, various radiographers have presented papers overseas, won medals and awards all of which combined to raise the international status of the Society both in the local and international arenas. The ASR was invited by the Minister of Science and Technology to sit on the Radioisotopes and Radiation Advisory Committee to offer professional advice.

Xray equipment was obtained by SGH for angiocardiography work.

First mobile Image Intensifier was used in the operating theatres at SGH.

1960-1979

1963 School of Radiography was formally open with an initial intake of 10 student radiographers training in Diagnostic Radiography.
1964
Radioisotope services were introduced in the Radiotherapy Department at SGH.
1965  
The pioneer batch of SOR student radiographers graduated with a graduation ceremony, which was graced by the then Minister of Health, Mr Yong Nyuk Lin.

Since 1965, the radioisotope Laboratory under the radiotherapy section had performed 108 tracer studies and 29 therapeutic cases.
12 Nov 1965 ASR joined the ISRRT.
1949 Mr K Vaithilingam took over SOR and led the students towards achieving excellence.

Radiological practices became more sophisticated with increasing numbers of selective angiographies done following the introduction of organ-puncturing techniques such as trans-hepatic cholangiography, renal cyst puncture and trans-thoracic needle biopsy of lung masses.

The ìdouble contrastî method was adopted for barium studies. Endoscopic procedures under radiological guidance such as transduodenal cholangiography and pancreatography were also inititated.

The Radiotherapy Building was completed and housed the radiocobalt units, caesium unit, 250kV deep therapy unit, simulator, radium etc.

In the radioisotope laboratory, an extensive range of radioisotope equipment was set up with a Picker Magna Scanner. During these years, development in radiation physics were rapid and much efforts were place upon radiation dosimetry and radiation protection.

In the early years, most studies consisted mainly of thyroid studies and thyrotoxicosis treatment.
 1970

SSR joined the Singapore Professional Centre (SPC).

Radioisotope imaging progressed towards imaging of most organs, haematological studies using chromium 51 and cobalt 51. A gamma camera was also acquired.

 1973 The first dental radiographer was employed to work in the Dental Clinic.
 5 Aug 1975 The ASR was officially renamed Singapore Society of Radiographers (SSR). A radiotherapy course was also set up to meet the raising demands from Radiotherapy section.
6 Jun 1976 The first Computed Tomography Head Scanner was installed in TTSH.
 20 Dec 1976 The first Whole Body CT Scanner was installed in Mount Elizabeth Hospital.
29 - 30 Oct 1978 The first Joint Malaysian-Singapore Radiographersí Symposium was held in Kuala Lumpur. This joint conference, with Mr CC Ng as one of its founding pioneers, was initiated as part of a friendly gesture towards fellow professionals across the Straits. The tradition of alternative holding it across borders is still going strong, and was only broken on 2 occasions. The first during the SARS outbreak in 2003, and the other due to the Golden Jubilee Year for SSR in 2008, where our neighbours graciously allowed us to hold it for 2 consecutive years in Singapore.
26 - 30 Oct 1979The 3rd Asian and Australasian Conference organized by ISRRT was held in Singapore, where Singaporean Radiographers had the opportunity to mingle and learn from delegates from various countries.

1980-1999

25 - 26 Oct 1980 The second Singapore-Malaysian Radiographersí Conference was hosted by SSR in Singapore for the first time. The practice of presenting gold medal to the best student Radiographer in both Diagnostic and Therapeutic Radiography was initiated.
1981
Mr K Vaithilingam did Singapore proud by winning the elections to become the President of ISRRT at the 7th World Congress in Brussels.
1983 
A whole body CT scanner was acquired in SGH, the first public hospital to install it.
30 Sep 1984
The 5th Asian Seminar for Radiological Technologists Conference (ASRT) cast the spotlight on Singapore as many foreign delegates came to visit out island.
1985
The first lithotriptor system arrived in SGH. The year witnessed widespread applications of interventional radiological procedures.
1987

The first MRI system was installed at the Radiological Clinic in the Promenade.

Singaporeís first digital subtraction system was installed at NUH.

1990Ngee Ann Polytechnic initiated the establishment of School of Health Sciences, with Radiography as one of the allied health courses.

These plans were subsequently set aside as there were plans for the third and forth Polytechnics to be set up and thus be better equipped to house the SHS.
1992SHS was established at Nanyang Polytechnic.
Jul 1992SHS started full operations at the temporary Outram Campus. Heavy efforts were placed on the setting up of the Radiography course while running the then current course in SOR.

The first trial of Computed Radiography was performed at SGH.
27 - 30 Jan 1994Singapore was chosen to host the 10th ISRRT World Congress, which saw over 1000 delegates from all over the world flocking to our island.
1995Plans for state registration were announced by the MP Loh Meng See at the 12th SMRC. A Straits Times article announced that State Registration was being planned as part of efforts to regulate local and foreign Radiographers before they could practise in Singapore.

Public awareness was raised regarding the use of Xrays in medical imaging, isotopes in nuclear medicine and Radiation Therapy in cancer.
1996Public awareness was at its peak.

Teleradiology was reported to be established between NUH and Alexandra Hospital for the use of CT scans.

Virtual colonoscopy with CT scans promised a painless and non-invasive examination.

Pioneer batch of scholars went over to London and graduated with direct honours in Radio

2000-Current

2000 The K Vaithilingam Memorial Lecture was instituted during the 16th SMRC in memory of the late Mr K Vaithilingam.
2001
MRI safety was highlighted in local papers following a death of a 6 year-old boy that had an MRI scan.

PET-CT Scans allowed cancer detection under an hour.
2002 
Dr Tyrone Goh was elected President of ISRRT, the second Singaporean after Mr K Vaithilingam to be elected ISRRT President.
2003
SARS Outbreak

The Straits Times published an article which included Dr Tyrone Goh, President of ISRRT showing appreciation to frontline Radiographers, Sonographers, Radiation Therapists and other imaging professionals who risked their heath providing important services during the SARS period.

Singaporeís first cyclotron was installed in SGH.

PET-CT Scanner was brought into Singapore.
2005
The accelerated 2-year programme was introduced at NYP as part of the strategic manpower conversion programme initiated by the Workforce Development Agency.

Pioneer batch of Cluster-based Scholars started their one-year conversion programme, which allowed them to graduate with a Bachelor in Medical Radiation Science.
22 Aug 2005

Mr HW Ng was mentioned as one of the extraordinary people listed on the Prime Ministerís Honour Roll.

2006

Move for State Registration for healthcare professionals was supported by the ISRRT.

More hospitals embrace foreign Radiographers to meet the demands of increasing workloads.

SSR organized Singaporeís first Radiographersí Week which comprises of a Family Day and Walk-a-jog at Bishan Park on the 4 November, and a public forum on 11 November at SGH. Mr Khaw Boon Kwan, was our Guest-of-Honour and presented SSR Awards to deserving receipients.

Allied Health Committee was set up by MOH to spearhead the promotion of healthcare professions, with SSRís offering support at major career fairs.

A Credentials Evaluation Panel was set up to review the applications of foreign professionals in order to establish frameworks and benchmark standards in the Radiography field.

The first tomotherapy treatment was started at Mount Elizabeth Hospital in Singapore.

2007

SSR hosted the ISRRT Board of Management during the Strategic Review and Board Meeting held in Singapore.

Dual Source CT scanner became available at SGH.

The Novalis System, a Radiation Therapy technique for brain cancer patients, was installed in SGH.

During 22rd SMRC, Dr Philip W. Ballinger, author of Merrillís Atlas of Radiographic Positions and Radiological Procedures was invited to be the keynote speaker.

Family day was celebrated with an Amazing Race - Hospital Edition, where participating teams had to seek out Radiological Departments across the island.

2008

Radiation dose contines to be of general public concern, further propelling the need for regulation of allied health professionals administering radiation to patients.

The society's Golden Jubilee was celebrated with a Gala Dinner which was graced by His Excellency President SR Nathan as the Guest-of-Honour.

Singapore Society of Radiographers 

UEN: S58SS0022F

Ang Mo Kio Central Post Office
P.O. Box 765
Singapore 915609

exco@ssr.org.sg


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